Revolutionary and Legitimate Orders: Revolution, War, and the Vienna Settlement

Ian Clark

in Legitimacy in International Society

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780199219193
Published online January 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191717734 | DOI:
 Revolutionary and Legitimate Orders: Revolution, War, and the Vienna Settlement

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This chapter focuses on the Vienna Settlement. The American and French revolutions were succeeded by the protracted phase of revolutionary and Napoleonic warfare that engulfed Europe and other parts of the world from the early 1790s until 1815. Vienna had to pacify a system that had been exposed to these twin challenges of revolutionary upheaval and violent international conflict. The settlement had to calibrate carefully both the internal and the international requirements for future international order, which entailed the devotion of much energy to questions of rightful membership — the internal aspect of legitimacy. Vienna stands out for its contributions on four principal issues: the format of the negotiations themselves; its construction of a putative legitimate order; its development of thinking about consensus, as expressed through a concert; and its attempted transcription of ideas about a balance of power into a more specific formulation called a ‘just equilibrium’.

Keywords: Vienna; American revolution; French revolution; legitimacy; international relations; international settlements; treaties

Chapter.  11626 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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