Chapter

Country review: Brazil

Celso Ferreira Ramos-Filho and Cledy Eliana dos Santos

in A Decade of HAART

Published in print August 2008 | ISBN: 9780199225859
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191723834 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225859.003.0016
Country review: Brazil

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This chapter begins with a description of the epidemiology of AIDS and HIV in Brazil. It then discusses treatment, results of free access to antiretroviral drugs, co-infection, and prevention. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil was detected early in the 1980s. Its progress seems to have been at least partially curbed by early and integrated response, including the establishment of an inclusive epidemiological surveillance system. The epidemic is characterized as concentrated since the prevalence among certain vulnerable groups is higher than 5%, but it is below 1% in the general population.

Keywords: highly active antiretroviral therapy; HIV/AIDS; epidemiology; treatment; HAART; free access

Chapter.  6774 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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