Chapter

Industrial Research and the Employment of Scientists in British Industry before the 1970s

Sally Horrocks

in Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780199226009
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191710315 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0014
Industrial Research and the Employment of Scientists in British Industry before the 1970s

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This chapter reappraises chronologically the history of industrial research and the application of science in British industry before the 1970s. It argues that this history demonstrates not only an extensive enthusiasm for the integration of science, technology, and industry among British business leaders that started during the 19th century and persisted for much of the 20th century, but also the extensive translation of this enthusiasm into action. This perspective allows us to develop a better understanding of the role of scientific expertise and R&D in British business history than a narrative that is dominated by discussions of relative economic decline.

Keywords: Britain; British industry; R&D; economic decliine; scientific enterprise

Chapter.  9048 words. 

Subjects: Business History

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