Chapter

Routes Into and Out of Poverty and the Role of Trigger Events

Stephen P. Jenkins

in Changing Fortunes

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780199226436
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191728457 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226436.003.0009
Routes Into and Out of Poverty and the Role of Trigger Events

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This chapter classifies poverty spell endings and beginnings according to the main (‘trigger’) event associated with the transition. Changes in a household's head's labour earnings account for the largest share of exits from poverty as well as of entries to poverty. Demographic events are relatively more important for poverty entries than for poverty exits. Changes in labour earnings for individuals other than the household head account for almost as many poverty exits as do the earnings changes for household heads. The chapter also documents changes in the chances of entering or exiting poverty for individuals who experience a trigger event. Between 1991–7 and 1998–2004, changes in these are most apparent for households with children and this is explained by changes in the tax-benefit system.

Keywords: poverty transition; poverty exit; poverty entry; trigger event

Chapter.  21876 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Financial Markets

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