Chapter

Fenno‐Swedish Quantity: Contrast in Stratal OT

Paul Kiparsky

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780199226511
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191710193 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0006
Fenno‐Swedish Quantity: Contrast in Stratal OT

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Compared to more familiar varieties of Swedish, the dialects spoken in Finland have rather diverse syllable structures. The distribution of distinctive syllable weight is determined by grammatical factors, and by varying effects of final consonant weightlessness. In turn it constrains several gemination processes which create derived superheavy syllables, in an unexpected way which provides evidence for an anti-neutralization constraint. Stratal OT, which integrates OT with Lexical Phonology, sheds light on these complex quantity systems.

Keywords: syllable structure; gemination; superheavy syllables; opacity; anti-neutralization; Stratal OT; Fenno-Swedish dialects; Swedish

Chapter.  10768 words. 

Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology

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