Chapter

Ancient Texts and Ancient Contexts

Peter Liddel

in Civic Obligation and Individual Liberty in Ancient Athens

Published in print October 2007 | ISBN: 9780199226580
Published online January 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191710186 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226580.003.0003

Series: Oxford Classical Monographs

 Ancient Texts and Ancient Contexts

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This chapter introduces the city‐state (polis) as the chief unit of analysis, and the chronological focus on Athens from the time of the outbreak of the Social War 357 to the establishment of the tyranny of Demetrius of Phaleron in 317. During this period (and in particular in the period popularly known as ‘Lycurgan’ Athens) it is possible to observe a growing concern for the performance by citizens of obligations and the development of the notion of social euergetism as part of good citizenship. This is most visible in both the evidence of forensic and symbouleutic oratory, and the evidence of inscriptions, in particular decrees and accounts of the Athenian polis, and dedications made by private individuals. This chapter introduces Lycurgus' prosecution of the runaway Leocrates as a key example of the encouragement of good citizenship.

Keywords: social war; Demetrius of Phaleron; ‘Lycurgan’ Athens; Euergetism; citizenship; forensic oratory; symbouleutic oratory; inscriptions; Lycurgus; Leocrates

Chapter.  15033 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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