Chapter

The Unmaking of Empire, I: North America 1763–1768

P. J. MARSHALL

in The Making and Unmaking of Empires

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780199226665
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191706813 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226665.003.0010
The Unmaking of Empire, I: North America 1763–1768

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The Seven Years War brought Britain great gains but also raised acute anxieties, both for the future security of the colonies and about the nature of their connection with Britain. British governments introduced measures by which regular troops were to be kept in America in peacetime, trade regulation was to be more strictly enforced, the expansion of westward settlement was to be restricted, and Americans would pay taxes voted by the British parliament to contribute to the costs of their defence. The British did not intend any fundamental reordering of the colonial relationship, but Americans saw a direct challenge to their liberty. Taxation in particular was resisted. The British withdrew the hated stamp duty, but restated the claims of parliament to sovereignty over America.

Keywords: Seven Years War; colonies; British army; tax; parliament; sovereignty

Chapter.  18809 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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