Chapter

‘The Key to the Peace was the Guarantee of the Peace’

Peter J. Yearwood

in Guarantee of Peace

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9780199226733
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191710308 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226733.003.0004
 ‘The Key to the Peace was the Guarantee of the Peace’

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At the Paris peace conference the British and Americans worked together in drafting the Covenant, which was largely based on the Phillimore plans. This was intended to be a precedent for Anglo‐American cooperation throughout the conference and beyond. Wilson and Lloyd George came to share a vision of peace based on justice. Recognizing that the great power balance had broken down in Europe, London looked to the creation of smaller nation‐states under a league guarantee. Wilson and Cecil, who was effectively in charge of the British side of the negotiations despite his resignation from the government, envisaged a political rather than judicial body dominated by the major powers. The council would be the key element. They were also agreed in rejecting the proposals of the French delegate Léon Bourgeois which would have turned the league into an effective military institution.

Keywords: Paris peace conference; League Covenant; nation‐states; League Council; Léon Bourgeois

Chapter.  27125 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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