Samuel Haliday (1685–1739)

A. D. G. Steers

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199227044
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739309 | DOI:
Samuel Haliday (1685–1739)

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Samuel Haliday, an Ulster-Scots Presbyterian minister, was a leader of the non-subscription movement in the controversy over the Westminster Confession after his settlement in Belfast in 1720. Originally Glasgow-trained, he studied from 1705 to 1708 at Leiden and Basel universities and the Academy of Geneva, where he encountered a movement towards toleration and liberty of judgement amongst those committed to seemingly conflicting theologies. He would also find a more philosophical approach to natural theology than he had known at home. In 1708 he became chaplain to a Scots regiment on the continent. After the peace of 1713 he was retained part-time, taking leave during which he was a lobbyist for the Church of Scotland in London, where he was also a liaison between the Kirk, English and Irish dissenters, and the Anglican Church. He retained contact with friends in Switzerland, such as Jean-Alphonse Turrettini, who were seeking a principled basis on which to found pan-Protestant unity and espoused an ‘enlightened orthodoxy’ that dispensed with subscription to extra-biblical confessions. Haliday’s career links English and Irish dissent with a significant current in European Protestantism

Keywords: Samuel Haliday; Jean-Alphonse Turrettini; liberty of judgement; non-subscription; toleration; Presbyterianism; Protestant dissent; Westminster Confession

Chapter.  15942 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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