This chapter starts by surveying the major contours of crusading strategy as it evolved following the fall of Constantinople. It then considers the spectrum of ways in which the papal court attempted to mobilize Christian efforts. There were three of these: first, the organization of congresses, diets, and other collective meetings where action would be agreed on; secondly, the sponsorship and encouragement of coalitions and leagues; and thirdly the prospect of personal leadership that was offered by the pope himself. This leadership could be genuine, as famously in the case of Pius II in 1463–4, or notional, as in that of Sixtus IV and Alexander VI.
Keywords: Balkans; congress of Mantua; imperial diets; Hungary; Venice; Pope Pius II
Chapter. 21843 words.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)
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