Chapter

Domestic regulation

Marina Caparini

in From Mercenaries to Market

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780199228485
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191711435 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0010
Domestic regulation

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Given that PMCs operate mostly in weak states without the capacity or willingness to regulate and control their conduct, more emphasis falls on states exporting their goods and services. Of the key exporting states only three — the United States, South Africa, and Israel — operate licensing regimes controlling the export of commercial military services. This chapter examines two of these regimes with very different underlying principles. It shows that the regulatory system adopted in South Africa has proven ineffective due to its overly burdensome approach, causing firms either to circumvent it or to relocate altogether. By contrast, the US approach reflects the different perceptions of the industry as a potential tool for foreign policy. What both regimes have in common, however, is the power shift to the executive and the lack of sufficient resources to ensure enforcement.

Keywords: weak states; United States; South Africa; Israel; regulatory system

Chapter.  10314 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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