Chapter

Cognitive and social cognitive development: Dual-process research and theory

Paul A. Klaczynski

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9780199230167
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191696442 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0012
Cognitive and social cognitive development: Dual-process research and theory

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This chapter describes some counterintuitive age trends, presents a developmental dual-process theory that affords a more parsimonious interpretation of these trends than offered by traditional theories of development, and surveys a research program intended to test developmental predictions derived from dual-process theories. It begins by outlining evidence that contravenes traditional, unidirectional theories of development and then presents an amended version of the developmental dual-process theory the author has advocated in recent years. Next, the chapter presents research that has upheld several dual-process predictions, challenges black-and-white conceptions of rationality, and supports the ‘levels of rationality’ approach advocated by Reyna and her colleagues. It concludes by discussing briefly some theoretical and methodological shortcomings of developmental dual-process theories. Most of the chapter refers to two forms of processing: ‘experiential’ and ‘analytic’.

Keywords: development theory; dual-process theories; human rationality; experiental learning; analytic processing

Chapter.  13084 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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