Working Time Developments in Germany

Francis Kramarz, Pierre Cahuc, Bruno Crépon, Oskar Nordstörm Skans, Thorsten Schank, Gijsbert van Lomwel and André Zylberberg

in Working Hours and Job Sharing in the EU and USA

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9780199231027
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191710834 | DOI:
Working Time Developments in Germany

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The length of the standard workweek has been a contentious topic in Germany over the past thirty years. In the 1980s and 1990s, trade unions reached agreements to reduce normal hours, in order to raise employment. This chapter begins with an overview of the institutional context and the development of normal hours worked in Germany. Section 5.3 provides a review of the econometric evidence for Germany on the impact of reductions in standard hours on employment and wages. Section 5.4 shows that reductions in standard hours were accompanied by various forms of flexible working-time arrangements. Section 5.5 describes some well-known examples of firms which have increased normal hours and simultaneously pronounced working hours, employment, wages job guarantees. Section 5.6 presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between changes in standard hours and employment (and labor productivity) growth. Section 5.7 presents some concluding remarks.

Keywords: working hours; employment; wages; job stability; workweek; working-time arrangements

Chapter.  9819 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Economics

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