Chapter

Kelvin and the Development of Science in Meiji Japan

Colin Latimer

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780199231256
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191710803 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0013
Kelvin and the Development of Science in Meiji Japan

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The modern era in Japan is normally considered as beginning in 1868 when the feudal age, or Edo era, finally ended. The Emperor Meiji declared the restoration of Imperial rule in January 1868 (the Meiji restoration) and he and his entourage transferred the capital from Kyoto to Edo / Tokyo (Edo was renamed Tokyo) in September 1868. The new and globally ambitious Meiji government quickly realized the importance of science and technology. A major problem was the shortage of teachers capable of teaching advanced courses. So Japanese sought Kelvin's involvement in the appointment of teaching staff. This chapter discusses Kelvin's protégés in Tokyo and Japanese scholars in Glasgow.

Keywords: Japan; shortage of teachers; Lord Kelvin; science and technology; Emperor Meiji

Chapter.  5108 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Mathematics

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