Chapter

The February Revolution

Matthew Rendle

in Defenders of the Motherland

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780199236251
Published online February 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191717154 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236251.003.0003
The February Revolution

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This chapter argues that sections of the tsarist elite played an important role during the February Revolution of 1917 as popular unrest broke out in Petrograd. Duma leaders saw an opportunity to enact the political change that they had desired for years. Military leaders, whose support was crucial to the Tsar, came out in support of the Duma, believing that political change offered the best chance of victory in the war. The Provisional Government was formed before the majority of elites had a chance to react, but its liberal ideals and their fear of further unrest persuaded them to support it. Elites felt that they had participated in the revolution alongside other social groups, but the extent of the political change had been further than most had initially desired, whilst popular demands for social reform threatened their future position.

Keywords: Tsarist elites; February Revolution; Petrograd; Duma; officers; military leaders; Provisional Government

Chapter.  10052 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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