Chapter

1914–1939

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199236978
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191717260 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0008
 1914–1939

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Pre-World War I momentum in favour of diffusion of share ownership was sustained up to 1939. On the sell side, pressure to pay dividends, generational considerations, the periodic availability of generous exit terms, and capital-raising for mergers all continued to provide incentives to unwind control. Aspects of income tax and estate tax combined with taxation of profits and periodic economic slumps to do likewise. On the buy side, the signalling properties of dividends, the investment returns shares delivered and surges in investor optimism all continued to fortify demand for shares. Reduced scope for overseas investment and improved protection from stock exchange regulation and intermediaries organizing share offerings provided a further boost. Despite these trends and despite a bias in favour of passivity among new investors, the available empirical evidence indicates a full divorce between ownership and control remained the exception to the rule up to 1940.

Keywords: company law; corporate tax; investor sentiment; mergers; private investors; overseas portfolio investment; London Stock Exchange; company promoters; financial press; dividends

Chapter.  24188 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Company and Commercial Law

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