Francesco Taroni, George France, Andrea Tramarin, Emma Conti, Andrea Donatini and Fernando Antonio Compostella

in The HIV Pandemic

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780199237401
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191723957 | DOI:

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This chapter reviews Italy's response to its HIV epidemic. More than twenty years after the diagnosis of the first case of AIDS, the pattern of the HIV epidemic in Italy has significantly changed. A particular feature of the Italian case is that heterosexual transmission has been increasing, mainly as a result of sexual contact with injecting drug users (IDUs). This reflects the fact that, despite a number of local success stories, Italy has not been successful in preventing the spread of HIV infection both among and from IDUs.

Keywords: heterosexual transmission; HIV epidemic; sexual contact; IDUs; HIV infection

Chapter.  5831 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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