Morphological Preliminaries: The Perfect and the Middle

Jay H. Jasonoff

in Hittite and the Indo-European Verb

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9780199249053
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191719370 | DOI:
Morphological Preliminaries: The Perfect and the Middle

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This chapter builds on the fact that the perfect and middle endings, together with those of the hi-conjugation and the 1 sg. active of the thematic conjugation, clearly go back to a common source. The ancestral ‘proto-endings’ are for the most part identical with the synchronic perfect endings, while the corresponding middle endings give evidence of formal renewal. The generalization that will be built on here is that the unrenewed reflexes of the original perfect/middle set, when they survived, were ‘demoted’ to the status of positional variants of the active endings.

Keywords: hi-conjugation; thematic conjugation; perfect; pluperfect; middle; perfect endings; middle endings

Chapter.  16293 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Semantics

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