Intonational Variation in Four Dialects of English: the High Rising Tune

Janet Fletcher, Esther Grabe and Paul Warren

in Prosodic Typology

Published in print January 2005 | ISBN: 9780199249633
Published online February 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191719349 | DOI:
Intonational Variation in Four Dialects of English: the High Rising Tune

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This chapter investigates phonetic and phonological aspects of rising tunes, and to a lesser extent, pitch accent realization in certain varieties of English, namely, General Australian English, New Zealand English, Glasgow English, and other Northern British English varieties. Differences among the varieties are also described relative to the typological framework outlined in Ladd (1996), whereby intonational differences are either semantic, systemic, phonetic, and phonotactic. The chapter also examines how transcription systems can deal with sociophonetic aspects of tonal variation within and among these varieties, focusing in particular on the ‘rising’ tunes that often accompany declarative statements in many of the above mentioned varieties. An example of one of these rising tunes is what is often referred to as the characteristic ‘HRT’ (high rising terminal) of Australian English and New Zealand English. Two approaches to the transcription of these differences are discussed.

Keywords: high rising terminal; HRT; typology; IviE; GlaToBI; Australian English; New Zealand English; Belfast English

Chapter.  7264 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology

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