Ignatius’ Retrial: Nicolas Excommunicates Photius

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church

Published in print June 2003 | ISBN: 9780199264575
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191698958 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

Ignatius’ Retrial: Nicolas Excommunicates Photius

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This chapter describes the retrial of Ignatius. Deudedit's record of the Roman legate's investigation of Ignatius' case shows that with striking tact Photius absented himself from the proceedings. Nevertheless, it can be assumed that wherever concessions were made to the legates, Photius was behind the scenes acquiescing in what was being said on behalf of the patriarchate. The Constantinople synod under Photius in 861 did more than re-examine Ignatius' case, at a second session canons were approved against sudden elevation of neophytes to the episcopate and against ordination of castrated persons. At a Lateran synod in 863 Pope Nicolas declared Photius excommunicated and all his ordinations null and void.

Keywords: Ignatius; Photius; Pope Nicolas I

Chapter.  4017 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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