Chapter

Sojourns and Software: Internationally Mobile Human Capital and High-Tech Industry Development in India, Ireland, and Israel

Devesh Kapur and John McHale

in From Underdogs to Tigers

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780199275601
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191705823 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0009
 Sojourns and Software: Internationally Mobile Human Capital and High-Tech Industry Development in India, Ireland, and Israel

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This chapter analyzes the role of international flows of human capital in the growth of the software industry in the 3Is. Although skilled emigration is usually seen in such threatening ‘brain drain’ terms, its effects are multi-faceted and poorly understood. Overall, the evidence strongly suggests that the benefits of skilled migration have outweighed the costs for the three countries. The Indian experience in Silicon Valley, for example, shows how the diaspora can be a valuable national asset in facilitating international commerce, especially where the business is transactionally complex and reputation concerns are paramount. The highly skilled Indian emigration has played a key part in the development of an internationally competitive Indian software sector. The Irish experience shows how one decade's lost human capital can, under the right conditions, become a skill reservoir that can be tapped to ease resource constraints and sustain economic expansion as domestic labor markets tighten.

Keywords: brain drain; brain circulation; reputation intermediary; diaspora; labor market; immigration

Chapter.  17256 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Business

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