Early Case Grammar

John M. Anderson

in Modern Grammars of Case

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780199297078
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191711404 | DOI:
 Early Case Grammar

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This chapter describes the rejection in early case grammar of the inflexional, autonomist view of case of the main transformational tradition, and the substitution of ‘case structures’ for ‘deep structure’ as the locus of the interface of syntax with the lexicon. Case structures are converted into ‘surface structures’ by the suppression of certain semantic relations. Subject, for instance is a neutralization of different ‘case relations’ (Fillmorean semantic relations). Choice of subject is guided by a hierarchy of the semantic relations, with agentives being the preferred subject. Proposals that such syntactic representations are best expressed in a dependency formalism are also described. Heads have adjoined or subjoined (lacking difference in linearity from their heads) dependents. It is argued that these proposals allow for the different manifestations of semantic relations and their neutralizations by inflexions, adpositions, and position (i.e., by different ‘case forms’).

Keywords: syntax-lexicon interface; subject-selection hierarchy; dependency grammar

Chapter.  6674 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Semantics

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