Chapter

Scepticism in Cārvāka-darśana

Pradeep P. Gokhale

in Lokāyata/Cārvāka

Published in print October 2015 | ISBN: 9780199460632
Published online January 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780199085507 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460632.003.0002
Scepticism in Cārvāka-darśana

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The second chapter deals with the sceptical trend in the Lokāyata epistemology. The chapter brings out how Jayarāśibhaṭṭa in his work Tattvopaplavasiṁha develops a form of cognitive scepticism and still expresses his affinity to Lokāyata by interpreting the latter as a sceptical viewpoint. Having explained the central argument in Jayarāśi’s scepticism, the chapter compares it with the sceptical arguments developed by the Mādhyamika Buddhist Nāgārjuna and the Advaita-Vedāntin Śrīharṣa with special reference to their differential approaches to the conventional reality and the ultimate reality. The chapter indicates three parallel sceptical trends in Western philosophy: (a) scepticism subservient to transcendental revelation, (b) concerned scepticism, and (c) the dichotomous co-existence of scepticism and common sense. The author shows that Jayarāśi’s scepticism can be understood as the Indian counterpart of the third variety.

Keywords: scepticism; vitaṇḍā; vyavahāra; Jayarāśi; Nāgārjuna; Śrīharṣa; Western philosophy

Chapter.  9466 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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