Aspects of Materialism in Cārvāka-darśana

Pradeep P. Gokhale

in Lokāyata/Cārvāka

Published in print October 2015 | ISBN: 9780199460632
Published online January 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780199085507 | DOI:
Aspects of Materialism in Cārvāka-darśana

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The chapter deals with the materialist ontology accepted by the majority of Cārvākas. It addresses mainly two issues in relation to Cārvāka materialism: (a) the nature of Cārvāka materialism and (b) the justification of Cārvāka materialism. Materialism can be discussed at three levels—cosmological, psychological, and social. The Cārvākas’ main contribution is at the first two levels. Again, one has to distinguish between reductive and non-reductive materialism (termed as eliminative and non-eliminative physicalism in contemporary philosophy). The Cārvāka approach to materialism has generally been non-eliminative at both levels. The chapter also shows that among the diverse epistemologies of the Cārvākas, the common-sense empiricism can provide the best justification of Cārvāka materialism. It raises and answers various objections to the Cārvāka materialism.

Keywords: materialism; cosmological materialism; psychological materialism; social materialism; common-sense empiricism; reductive materialism; non-reductive materialism

Chapter.  10061 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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