Chapter

The impact of Gallo-Romance on the Spanish lexicon

Steven N. Dworkin

in A History of the Spanish Lexicon

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199541140
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741395 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541140.003.0006
                   The impact of Gallo-Romance on the Spanish lexicon

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This chapter studies French and Provençal loanwords. Most medieval Gallo-Romance loans reflect spheres of activity in which France predominated over its neighbors in the Iberian Peninsula. In some instances the Gallicisms displaced referentially similar words in medieval Hispano-Romance. Gallicisms played the leading role in introducing the suffix -aje/-age into Hispano-Romance. French lexical influence on (early) modern Spanish reflects French predominance in European cultural, political, social, and intellectual life from the sixteenth century onwards. Almost all borrowings from this period are nouns. Much technical terminology of the nascent natural and social sciences entered Spanish from Gallo-Romance through written sources. Such neologisms often take the form of semantic loans and calques. The modern influx of Gallicisms provoked the first overt reaction against loanwords in restricted circles of the educated speech community.

Keywords: Gallo-Romance; French and Provençal loanwords; semantic loans; semantic calques; reaction against loanwords

Chapter.  8071 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics

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