Chapter

The influence of Italian on the Spanish Lexicon

Steven N. Dworkin

in A History of the Spanish Lexicon

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199541140
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741395 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541140.003.0007
                   The influence of Italian on the Spanish Lexicon

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This chapter treats the lexical consequences of contact, for the most part outside the Iberian Peninsula, between varieties of Hispano- and Italo-Romance. Although some Spanish Italianisms appear in late medieval texts, most such loanwords go back to the early modern period (1500–1700) and, as nouns referring to areas of knowledge and expertise associated with Italy, entered the recipient language principally through written sources. The simultaneous diffusion during this period of Italian words into French and Spanish complicates the etymological analysis and identification of Spanish Italianisms, as many relevant items may have entered Spain as borrowings from Gallo-Romance. The genetic relationship between Spanish and Italian and the similarities between their phonological structures facilitated the integration of Italian loanwords.

Keywords: Italianisms; early modern period; etymological analysis; integration of Italian loanwords

Chapter.  6818 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics

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