Portuguese and Catalan loans in Spanish

Steven N. Dworkin

in A History of the Spanish Lexicon

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199541140
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741395 | DOI:
                   Portuguese and Catalan loans in Spanish

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This chapter studies the lexical impact on Spanish of Portuguese and Catalan. The medieval Galician-Portuguese tradition of lyric poetry and Portugal’s later importance as a maritime power may account for the transmission into Spanish of many Lusisms. More problematic from the perspective of etymological analysis are a series of lexical items referring to realities of rural life and the weather, whose phonological evolution from Latin seems, on the surface, to reflect tendencies associated with Luso-Romance. In the fifteenth century, the sociolinguistic prestige of Catalan declined significantly. The close morphological and lexical affinities between medieval varieties of Catalan and of southern Gallo-Romance often make it difficult to determine which of these two languages is the immediate source of a given Old Spanish lexical item. Catalan also served as the language through which some medieval Arabisms and Italianisms entered Hispano-Romance.

Keywords: Portuguese loanwords; Catalan loanwords; etymological analysis; Catalan–Gallo-Romance lexical affinities

Chapter.  6546 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics

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