R. J. Crampton

in Bulgaria

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780199541584
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191719325 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of Modern Europe


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Like most other nations of modern Europe, the geographic spread of the Bulgarian state and nation have varied considerably with time. Again in conformity with other European models, the confines of the Bulgarian nation and state have rarely been coterminous. The Bulgarian state seldom, if ever, contained only Bulgarians and, conversely, it equally infrequently encompassed all Bulgarians. Even at the opening of the 21st century, there were Bulgarian communities in Serbia, Romania, Albania, Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, and Turkey, with emigre groups scattered throughout the world. The Bulgarian communities outside the confines of what is now the Republic of Bulgaria contributed hugely to the evolution of the nation and the foundation of the state. Nor did their contribution end with the liberation from Ottoman rule.

Keywords: Bulgaria; history; politics; national identity; Balkan states; Ottoman empire; religion; social structure

Chapter.  6294 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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