The Bulgarian National Renaissance, I. Introduction

R. J. Crampton

in Bulgaria

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780199541584
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191719325 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of Modern Europe

The Bulgarian National Renaissance, I. Introduction

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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National revival in Bulgaria exhibits many of the features of other nationalist reawakenings: a cultural quickening, the ‘apostles’ and ‘awakeners’, the emergence of an ‘imagined community’, the need for a committed social group with sufficient material wealth to further the cause, the importance of external as well as internal factors, and the equal or probably greater importance of ‘the defining other’. As with all other nationalisms, it was conditioned by historical, social, cultural, political, and international factors whose relative strengths and juxtapositions were unique. Furthermore, although the Bulgarian national state was a successor state of the Ottoman empire, the national revival that made that state possible, was, ironically, less the result of the empire's decline than of its regeneration. The evolution of Bulgaria's nationalism was conditioned by political and economic developments outside as well as within the Ottoman empire.

Keywords: Bulgaria; nationalism; history; politics; Ottoman empire; Balkan states; culture; population movements

Chapter.  6873 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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