Chapter

The Auxiliary Forces

Timothy Bowman and Mark Connelly

in The Edwardian Army

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199542789
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741401 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542789.003.0005
The Auxiliary Forces

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The auxiliary forces underwent considerable reform in the Edwardian period. The South African War witnessed a fillip in recruitment which was not sustained. The Haldane reforms of 1906–08 established the Territorial Force, streamlining the old Volunteers and Yeomanry and, crucially, adding logistical and technical units to the auxiliary forces. One of the most notable innovations was the establishment of the Officer Training Corps (OTC). However, judged by contemporary standards, the auxiliary forces were seen to be failing. The militia, reincarnated as the Special Reserve, was seen as merely a feeder to the regular army, and the Territorial Force remained under strength and with a high turnover of personnel. The OTC provided pitifully few officers pre‐World War I. The auxiliary forces were open to considerable regimental and regional variation, notably in Ireland, where political considerations prevented the establishment of the Territorial Force.

Keywords: Militia; Special Reserve; Territorial Force; Territorial Army; Yeomanry; OTC

Chapter.  23125 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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