Hazel Carty

in An Analysis of the Economic Torts

Second edition

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199546749
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191594946 | DOI:

Show Summary Details


This chapter explores the history and ingredients of the two types of conspiracy liability: lawful means conspiracy and unlawful means conspiracy. Throughout the 20th century, the relationship of the two types of conspiracy liability to the other economic torts and to each other was unclear. The decision in Total Network both rejects the limited view that unlawful means conspiracy is but a form of joint tortfeasance, and challenges the orthodox view that the conspiracy torts are largely peripheral to the main economic torts. Two questions are debated within the chapter: whether conspiracy liability is still contained in two separate torts or is part of a spectrum of liability for harmful combinations, and whether the overall discussion in Total Network reveals that conspiracy liability will help to shape the economic torts in the 21st century (in particular in relation to direct liability).

Keywords: lawful means conspiracy; unlawful means conspiracy; joint tortfeasance; direct liability; harmful combination

Chapter.  18923 words. 

Subjects: Intellectual Property Law

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.