This chapter continues the story of Richard II's pursuit of manhood to its first apparent success in the 1385 royal expedition to Scotland. Although it was met with enthusiasm by contemporaries, and although it contributed to preventing a two-pronged invasion by the French, this expedition did not achieve the results in terms of promoting the king's manhood and authority which he might have hoped for. Wishing to distribute manly largesse to his supporters on his return, Richard was instead forced to accept a new commission of inquiry into his government. His situation worsened in 1386, as the invasion threat was renewed. When Richard reacted by attempting to force through a pre-emptive expedition to the continent, partly justified by the promotion of his ‘honour and manhood’, the Lords and Commons instead obliged him to accept a new Continual Council, or ‘Commission’, similar to those put in place during his tender age.
Keywords: expedition to Scotland; Richard II; largesse; honour; Continual Council; Commission; 1386 invasion threat
Chapter. 11061 words.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)
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