Chapter

Managed ecosystems: biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use

Louise Jackson, Todd Rosenstock, Matthew Thomas, Justin Wright and Amy Symstad

in Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780199547951
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720345 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0013
 Managed ecosystems: biodiversity and ecosystem functions in landscapes modified by human use

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This chapter examines the effects of management and intensification processes on biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. It begins with a meta-analysis of studies conducted along landscape gradients, then reviews relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem function within managed ecosystems. Pest control exemplifies the complexity of the functions of biodiversity in managed ecosystems (e.g., often correlating poorly with species richness, involving several trophic levels, and influenced by characteristics of the wider landscape). Finally, based on these analyses, this chapter describes an interdisciplinary context to link research on biodiversity and ecosystem function to end-users at different management scales that incorporates the influence of social and economic factors.

Keywords: agricultural intensification; end-users; landscape mosaic; multifunctionality; pest control; sustainability; trophic interactions

Chapter.  9750 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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