Chapter

Overview of the analytical techniques

Gilberto Artioli

in Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780199548262
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723308 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548262.003.0002
Overview of the analytical techniques

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The chapter introduces the concepts of scientific analysis in a non-technical approach, limiting the use of mathematical formulae and specialist’s jargon. Emphasis is given to the fundamentals of the technique and the information provided, in order to make the students and users from different fields aware of the potential of modern scientific investigations. The chapter broadly addresses the concepts involved in the different areas of experimental characterization, focusing on analytical strategies and instrumental capabilities, and inserting the different techniques into a time–space–cost frame. Parameters to take into account when planning scientific analyses of cultural heritage materials are discussed, including sampling, invasivity, and detection limits. The cultural heritage materials evolving along specific time-paths are discussed with specific reference to degradation and dating. Each technique or group of techniques is described in technical insets, emphasizing practical issues. The main areas of application and appropriate case studies are briefly reviewed and referenced.

Keywords: analytical techniques; investigation strategies; sampling; non-invasive characterization; dating; degradation; imaging; virtual reality

Chapter.  79577 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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