Chapter

Materials and case studies: how to meet the needs

Gilberto Artioli

in Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780199548262
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723308 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548262.003.0003
Materials and case studies: how to meet the needs

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The materials science aspects of cultural heritage materials are treated in detail, focusing on their physico-chemical and engineering properties, on the production technologies, and on the processes acting upon them. The most common classes of materials are described, including structural materials (lithics, rocks, clay products, ceramics, cements, mortars, binders), pigments and dyes, glass and faience, metals, gems, organic materials (bone, ivory, amber, resins, paper, textiles), photographic materials. Emphasis is placed on their properties and the relation to their use through prehistory and history. The general approach insists on the concept that each material can be analysed at different space–energy scales, thus each technique commonly provides only part of the information needed for the complete characterization of the material and the assessment and interpretation of the processes involved. Clarifying case studies and seminal applications, encompassing provenancing and degradation issues, are treated and referenced in detail.

Keywords: materials science; cultural heritage materials; pyrotechnology; ceramics; pigments; glass; metals; gems; textiles; photographic materials

Chapter.  94675 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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