Chapter

The Region in the Reigns of Richard I and John, 1189–1216

Brock W. Holden

in Lords of the Central Marches

Published in print August 2008 | ISBN: 9780199548576
Published online September 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191720680 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548576.003.0006

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

The Region in the Reigns of Richard I and John, 1189–1216

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This chapter examines the history of the March during reigns of Richard I and John. The fortunes of the Braose and Lacy families changed greatly between the death of Henry II in 1189 and that of his son King John in 1216. On the other hand, the Cliffords, Monmouths, and Mortimers held their ground and, during the tumultuous events of John's reign, positioned themselves advantageously for the future by developing closer links to the Crown. Richard I's reign was marked by a turning away from the policy of royal control and containment of Marcher ambitions which Henry II had pursued since 1172. This in effect licensed the magnates of the south-eastern March to resume their ambitions for the conquest and domination of neighbouring Welsh regions. John's reign in turn was marked by the rise of one of these magnates, his favourite William III de Braose, to even greater heights of landed power, in the most dramatic exercise of patronage by that king.

Keywords: March; feudalism; Braose; patronage; Henry II; king; William III de Braose

Chapter.  11509 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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