Chapter

Land Reform and Land Holdings in Brazil

Juliano Assunção

in Personal Wealth from a Global Perspective

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199548880
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720765 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548880.003.0009

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

Land Reform and Land Holdings in Brazil

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Land and wealth are closely related in rural Brazil, a country characterized by high levels of inequality in terms of income or land holdings. After presenting a historical retrospective of land concentration and land reform in Brazil, this study evaluates the impact of the land reform programme undertaken in the 1990s on land ownership and land distribution. It is shown that the programme increased landownership among poor rural families and those with less‐educated household heads, reducing the fraction of the other families with land holding. Also, the land‐reform programme increased land inequality among landowners.

Keywords: land reform; land distribution; wealth distribution; rural Brazil; land ownership

Chapter.  6585 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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