Asset Portfolios in Africa: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

James B. Davies

in Personal Wealth from a Global Perspective

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199548880
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720765 | DOI:

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

Asset Portfolios in Africa: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

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This study considers asset holdings in rural Ethiopia. It shows that households own mostly non‐financial assets and that the composition of asset portfolios varies significantly with the household's overall wealth and its exposure to uncertainty. As regards the distribution of assets, inequality is lowest for land holdings and much higher for all other assets. More generally, asset inequality is higher than consumption inequality but, somewhat surprisingly, lower than income inequality. Less surprising is the finding that asset holdings are positively correlated with income and consumption. An analysis of how asset holdings vary with key demographic variables shows that assets increase with the size of the household and the education of the household head. Finally, the study concludes by exploring the role that assets play in marriage markets in rural Ethiopia.

Keywords: savings; asset portfolios; household wealth; asset distribution; poverty; inequality; Ethiopia

Chapter.  10556 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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