Chapter

Traffic

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780199548927
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191720574 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0012

Series: Oxford Master Series in Physics

Traffic

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This chapter mainly discusses traffic and traffic congestion in complex networks. First, packet switching in the Internet is explained, and then some of the features of Internet traffic are discussed. In particular, the self-similar Internet traffic and its fluctuations are considered. The chapter describes various congestion phenomena in Internet traffic and their models. Finally, it discusses and explains cascading failures in complex network systems; in particular, in large electricity grids.

Keywords: Internet; Internet traffic; packet switching; self-similar traffic; congestion; cascading failures

Chapter.  2795 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Mathematical and Statistical Physics

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