Chapter

Concepts in human adults

James A. Hampton

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9780199549221
Published online May 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191724152 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.014
Concepts in human adults

Show Summary Details

Preview

This chapter looks at the end result of the long and complex process of the making of human concepts. It suggests that our evolutionary past is still very much a part of our conceptual system. There is plenty of evidence that our minds still make heavy use of associative systems for learning, with similarity-based generalization and a dependence on actually-experienced objects and events, just as might be proposed for the concepts learnt by rats or pigeons. Having an adaptable and fuzzy system of knowledge is much better suited to handling our daily interaction with the world than a discrete symbolic system; as the advocates of fuzzy logic systems for artificial intelligence have demonstrated. However, this basic system for learning the prototype classes in the world around us is overlaid with the culturally transmitted accumulation of concepts enshrined in the language we speak, the books we read, the films we watch, and indeed the university courses we take. These concepts become elaborated through generations of scholarship and provide the solid foundations for knowledge and science.

Keywords: human concepts; associative learning; fuzzy systems; conceptual learning

Chapter.  10588 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.