This introductory chapter establishes the importance of direct democracy to the process of European integration. It provides an overview of referendums on European integration, outlining the origins and implications of the use of direct democracy in Europe. It categorizes EU referendums into three types: membership referendums, treaty ratification referendums, and single‐issue referendums. Thereafter, it lays out how the ideas of this book fits into the current academic and policy debates about referendums and presents the research design and an overview of the main arguments and findings.
Keywords: direct democracy; European integration; European Union; membership; ratification; referendum; treaty
Chapter. 8115 words.
Subjects: Comparative Politics
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