Chapter

Europe on the Brink

Donald Bloxham

in The Final Solution

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780199550333
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191701535 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550333.003.0003

Series: Oxford Histories

Europe on the Brink

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Europe experienced the peak of its superiority over other nations during the twentieth century. With the advent of urbanization and the emancipation of the serfs in the Russian and Austrian empires, most countries experienced immense growth in population from 1800 to 1900. This boom in population growth brought about increased productivity through industrialization and social reform. However, this resulted in overpopulation and an assortment of other problems that involved a relative shift in the prices of agricultural commodities and intensified social discontent, especially among minority groups. This chapter examines the patterns and interrelationships of the proposed ‘solutions’ in ‘greater Europe’ during 1875 to 1949.

Keywords: urbanization; industrialization; social discontent; minorities; social reform; overpopulation

Chapter.  12230 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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