Chapter

Ethnopolitics, Geopolitics, and the Return to War

Donald Bloxham

in The Final Solution

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780199550333
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191701535 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550333.003.0005

Series: Oxford Histories

Ethnopolitics, Geopolitics, and the Return to War

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The controlled disbanding of the Habsburg empire into nation states resulted due to the geopolitical designs of those who held power. Although Britain had intentions of maintaining the Habsburg empire because of the effects that Russia and Germany had in a number of weaker and smaller states, this plan was not proceeded with because of elements within the empire and the competition between Lenin and Wilson that attempted to advocate ‘national self-determination’. Decisions made during that time, however, were grounded more on the stability of their interests than on the pursuit of ethnic majority. As some countries became mediators of some sort to the two major revisionist powers of Soviet Russia and Germany, some of these were labeled as ‘minorities’. To deal with this, ‘protection’ and ‘transfer’ were deemed as possible solutions to this problem. This chapter discusses issues of ethnic dominance, economic crisis, geopolitical change, and how the downfall of the international system began.

Keywords: Habsburg empire; minority; self-determination; ethnic majority; geopolitical change; economic crisis; international system

Chapter.  14018 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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