The Developing Country Dimension: How National Politics Mattered

Carolyn Deere

in The Implementation Game

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199550616
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720284 | DOI:
The Developing Country Dimension: How National Politics Mattered

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This chapter explores how national factors affected variation in TRIPS implementation. National economic circumstances and political factors within developing countries shaped the capacity of governments to filter and manage international pressures. First, government capacity came into play, most notably differences in the extent of technical expertise, institutional competence, and the dominance of IP offices. Second, the degree of public debate and engagement on IP issues in developing countries mattered, especially the role of interest groups, and the relationships between governments and parliaments. Third, there were differences in how governments coordinated, especially in terms of the strength of internal communication, links to broader public policymaking, how the governments managed relationships with donors, regional arrangements, and international organizations. To illustrate how the interplay of global IP debates, international pressures and national politics played out on the ground, the chapter concludes with four vignettes.

Keywords: economic factors; government capacity; expertise; IP offices; public debate; interest groups; parliaments; coordination; regional organizations

Chapter.  19269 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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