The Implementation Game and the Variation Puzzle

Carolyn Deere

in The Implementation Game

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199550616
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720284 | DOI:
The Implementation Game and the Variation Puzzle

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This chapter draws together my core arguments about the politics of TRIPS implementation. It summarizes my findings as to why so many countries went beyond TRIPS‐minimum requirements, while some countries did indeed use important flexibilities. In so doing, it considers the reasons why the extent of TRIPS‐plus reforms varied by issue, and why some TRIPS flexibilities were used more than others. Stepping back, it reviews the evolution of developing country perspectives on international IP protection, noting the fragmentation and consolidation of their views in the face of an increasingly complex global IP system. It also previews several of the emerging policy controversies and trends that shape ongoing debates about TRIPS implementation and related IP reforms. It concludes by distilling some practical implications for those working to promote IP‐related policies, laws, and institutions in developing countries advance development goals.

Keywords: policy implications; developing countries; variation; global IP system; TRIPS implementation; TIRPS‐plus; TRIPS flexibilities; development; debate

Chapter.  9561 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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