Philip N. Johnson-Laird

in How We Reason

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199551330
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191701580 | DOI:

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Thinking looks smooth, but only its surface is reflected in the stream of consciousness. Thinking that has a goal and that is not deterministic falls into two categories: creating and reasoning. This chapter explores why the Wright brothers were more successful than their rivals. But, it is conceivable that Wilbur Wright's induction — from general propositions to a general proposition — could have been wrong, and that light and powerful engines would have conquered the problem of flight. The examples here show that the psychologists tend to think of reasoning as the business of drawing conclusions or of evaluating them. Reasoning is not just a matter of drawing conclusions. The chapter also addresses how the real neurons in the brain implement the processes of reasoning, and in what regions of the brain are they located.

Keywords: thinking; reasoning; creating; Wright brothers; brain

Chapter.  7270 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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