Chapter

Knowledge and Inductions

Philip N. Johnson-Laird

in How We Reason

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780199551330
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191701580 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551330.003.0013
Knowledge and Inductions

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This chapter explores how induction works. It also discusses what counts as an induction, and makes the case that abduction is a special case of induction. It then focuses on those ‘pure’ inductions that yield generalizations. In addition, it proposes a theory of how they can be made. It is noted that inductions can be about a particular event or about matters in general. The theory that is outlined fundamentally assumes that induction depends on knowledge. This theory does not treat induction and deduction as so different as they appear in logic.

Keywords: induction; theory; knowledge; deduction; logic

Chapter.  4756 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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