The Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS and ART

Ben Smit and Linette Ellis

in South African Economic Policy under Democracy

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780199551460
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780191720376 | DOI:
The Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS and ART

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This chapter analyses the macroeconomic effects of HIV/AIDS and of the proposed large scale anti-retroviral treatment (ART) programme in South Africa, and considers the prognosis for the future. Although the impact of HIV/AIDS on a country's economic performance is likely to be adverse, the extent of these economic costs is difficult to determine with any reasonable degree of certainty. Moreover, although a large-scale ART programme should be beneficial to the HIV-positive members of society and their close relations, it is not necessarily the case that it would be economically beneficial.

Keywords: anti-retroviral treatment; macroeconomic effects; HIV; demographic impact

Chapter.  11296 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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