Chapter

Cartels in Europe, 1945–70: From Registrable Agreement to Concerted Practice

Christopher Harding and Julian Joshua

in Regulating Cartels in Europe

Second edition

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780199551484
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191594977 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551484.003.0005

Series: Oxford Studies in European Law

Cartels in Europe, 1945–70: From Registrable Agreement to Concerted Practice

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This chapter continues the narrative of legal development of cartel control in Europe, discussing the period between the end of the Second World War and the start of the 1970s, at which point there was an upward shift in gear in relation to the European Community system of enforcement. This may be seen as an intermediate period, coinciding with the establishment of the European Communities and competition regulation becoming a key element in the new ‘Common Market’ systems, with cartel control tied into the need to ensure the effective guarantee of the larger European market (later to be referred to as the Single Market). The discussion details a major shift in attitude and tolerance in the years following World War II and the development of more stringent competition regulation in some European national legal systems, but most significantly in the context of first the European Coal and Steel Community, and then from the start of the 1960s, in the European Economic Community. Finally, the hardening attitude of the European Commission, at the forefront of this European system of control, is summarised as a prelude to discussion in the following chapters.

Keywords: European Economic Community; cartel control; European Communities; competition regulation

Chapter.  13163 words. 

Subjects: EU Law

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