Sanctions: A Complex European and International Grid

Christopher Harding and Julian Joshua

in Regulating Cartels in Europe

Second edition

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780199551484
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191594977 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in European Law

Sanctions: A Complex European and International Grid

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This chapter sets the scene and provides context for a discussion of the range of sanctions now being used to deal with established cartel violations. The point is emphasised that there is now a complex typology and geography of sanctions in relation to international cartels — across jurisdictions and at different legal levels (international, European, and national). Important critical themes of discussion are also outlined — the impact of leniency on the choice and operation of sanctions, the way in which the range and severity of sanctions has increased, and the cost and effectiveness of this process of penal expansion. The purpose of the chapter is to provide a critical framework for the detailed discussion of sanctions contained in the following chapter.

Keywords: sanctions; cartel violations; legal levels; penal expansion; cost effectiveness; leniency

Chapter.  7866 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: EU Law

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